Equation of state and phase diagram of FeO

Rebecca A. Fischer*, Andrew J. Campbell, Gregory A. Shofner, Oliver T. Lord, Przemyslaw Dera, Vitali B. Prakapenka

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

75 Citations (Scopus)
325 Downloads (Pure)


Wustite, Fe(1-x)O. is an important component in the mineralogy of Earth's lower mantle and may also be a component in the core. Therefore the high pressure, high temperature behavior of FeO, including its phase diagram and equation of state, is essential knowledge for understanding the properties and evolution of Earth's deep interior. We performed X-ray diffraction measurements using a laser-heated diamond anvil cell to achieve simultaneous high pressures and temperatures. Wustite was mixed with iron metal, which served as our pressure standard, under the assumption that negligible oxygen dissolved into the iron. Our data show a positive slope for the subsolidus phase boundary between the B1 and B8 structures, indicating that the B1 phase is stable at the P-T conditions of the lower mantle and core. We have determined the thermal equation of state of B1 FeO to 156 GPa and 3100 K. finding an isothermal bulk modulus K(o) = 149.4 +/- 1.0 GPa and its pressure derivative K(o)' = 3.60 +/- 0.4. This implies that 7.7 +/- 1.1 wt.% oxygen is required in the outer core to match the seismologically-determined density, under the simplifying assumption of a purely Fe-O outer core. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)496-502
Number of pages7
JournalEarth and Planetary Science Letters
Issue number3-4
Early online date12 Mar 2011
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2011


  • high pressure
  • CORE
  • phase equilibria
  • oxygen fugacity
  • equations of state
  • wustite
  • IRON

Cite this