Estimation of Equivalent Thermal Parameters of Impregnated Electrical Windings

Nick Simpson, Rafal Wrobel, Phil Mellor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

148 Citations (Scopus)


It is common practice to represent a composite electrical winding as an equivalent lumped anisotropic material as this greatly simplifies a thermal model and reduces computation times. Existing techniques for estimating the bulk thermal properties of such composite materials use either analytical, numerical, or experimental approaches; however, these methods exhibit a number of drawbacks and limitations regarding their applicability. In this paper, a numerical thermal conductivity and analytical specific heat capacity estimation technique is proposed. The method is validated experimentally against three winding samples with differing configuration. A procedure is presented which enables bulk thermal properties to be estimated with a minimal need for experimental measurement, thereby accelerating the thermal modeling process. The proposed procedure is illustrated by the modeling of three coil exemplars with differing windings. Experimental thermal transients obtained by dc test of the coils show close agreement with a lumped-parameter thermal model utilizing estimated material data.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2505-2515
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
Issue number6
Early online date15 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - 19 Nov 2013


  • electrical winding
  • lumped parameter
  • lumped parameter
  • thermal material data
  • thermal modeling


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