This paper aims at developing the tools and strategy for assessing the dynamic and seismic performance of the Byzantine Walls of the city of Thessaloniki in order to evaluate the seismic history of the city as a whole. The particular Walls have been constructed at the end of the 4th century A.D. in the reign of Theodosius the Great and as such, their structural integrity and record of damage reflects to a certain degree the level of seismic forces that has developed during the centuries. Moreover, the fact that they are extending in kilometers within the civil grid of the modern city allows the study of the role played by the local soil conditions for a given earthquake scenario. It is worth noting that despite their relatively simple structural system, their foreseen seismic behavior as a 3D body has not been thoroughly studied so far, primarily due to the lack of efficient numerical tools and the high computational cost related, especially towards the study of their response in the time domain. Along these lines, a refined dynamic analysis approach is proposed and the structural performance of particular parts of the Walls complex is examined for a number of realistic earthquake scenarios, accounting for the site specific soil conditions, the spatially variable nature of the incident seismic waves, as well as the overall geotechnical/geotectonic environment of the area. Through this advanced simulation scheme, an upper bound of the historical level of seismic forces for the city of Thessaloniki is traced (through back analysis), while the overall refined approach can be also used as a guide for the direct assessment of the existing seismic capacity of monuments as a whole.
|Title of host publication||Structural Analysis of Historic Construction: Preserving Safety and Significance - Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historic Construction, SAHC08|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 2008|
|Event||6th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historic Construction: Preserving Safety and Significance, SAHC08 - Bath, United Kingdom|
Duration: 2 Jul 2008 → 4 Jul 2008
|Conference||6th International Conference on Structural Analysis of Historic Construction: Preserving Safety and Significance, SAHC08|
|Period||2/07/08 → 4/07/08|