Ethnicity, Class and the Earning Inequality in Israel, 1983-1995

N Khattab

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45 Citations (Scopus)


This paper focuses on the role of ethnicity and class in generating earning inequality in Israel. Unlike previous studies on inequality of opportunities in Israel, in this paper I compare the earnings of five ethnic groups: European Jews (Ashkenazi), Asian-African Jews (Sephardi), Muslim Palestinians, Christian Palestinians and Druze Palestinians. In addition, both men and women are taken into account. The analysis, which is based on data obtained from the 1983 and 1995 Israeli population censuses, has revealed that in Israel, class variations resulting from the differentiation of employment contracts in the labour market, appear to have played a much more important role over time in producing earning inequality. However, at the same time, it was found that class in this context is highly related to ethnicity, thereby suggesting that class and ethnicity are interwoven. While it seemed that to some extent, class plays a similar role among men and women, the role of ethnicity among men was much more central than it was among women, in the allocation of people into class positions.
Translated title of the contributionEthnicity, Class and the Earning Inequality in Israel, 1983-1995
Original languageEnglish
PublisherSociological Research Online
Edition10 (3)
Publication statusPublished - 30 Sept 2005

Bibliographical note

ISSN: 13607804

Structured keywords

  • SPAIS Centre for the Study of Ethnicity and Citizenship


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