Euglenoid-inspired Giant Shape Change for Highly Deformable Soft Robots

Krishna Digumarti, Andrew Conn, Jonathan Rossiter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)
574 Downloads (Pure)


Nature has exploited softness and compliance in many different forms, from large cephalopods to microbial bacteria and algae. In all these cases large body deformations are used for both object manipulation and locomotion. The great potential of Soft Robotics is to capture and replicate these capabilities in controllable robotic form. This paper presents the design of a bio-inspired actuator capable of achieving a large volumetric change. Inspired by the changes in body shape seen in the euglena Eutreptiella spirogyra during its characteristic locomotion, a novel soft pneumatic actuator has been designed which exploits the hyper-elastic properties of elastomers. We call this the Hyper-Elastic Bellows (HEB) actuator. The result is a structure that works under both positive and negative pressure to achieve euglenoid like multi-modal actuation. Axial expansion of 450% and a radial expansion of 80% have been observed, along with a volumetric change of 300 times. Further, the design of a segmented robot with multiple chambers is presented which demonstrates several of the characteristic shapes adopted by the euglenoid in its locomotion cycle. This work shows the potential of this new soft actuation mechanism to realise biomimetic soft robotics with giant shape changes.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalIEEE Robotics and Automation Letters
Early online date12 Jul 2017
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 12 Jul 2017


  • Soft Robotics
  • Biologically inspired robots
  • Flexible robots


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