In addition to current trends and challenges, this chapter considers the origins, historical development, key characteristics, and principal achievements of Europe’s two pre-eminent transnational organizations for the legal protection of human rights, the Council of Europe and the European Union (EU). The Council of Europe’s most significant institution, the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR), is universally celebrated by human rights scholars and activists as the world’s most successful international human rights tribunal. Yet its purpose, efficacy, and authority remain in dispute. Similarly, the EU’s relatively recent but rapidly developing interest in human rights has been widely welcomed. Yet it also suffers from flaws, particularly a lack of coherence and consistency. An interdependent, but uncertain, future seems to lie ahead for both organizations. However, the debate about the form this should, and is likely to take, has only just begun.
|Title of host publication||International Human Rights Law|
|Editors||Daniel Moeckli, Sangeeta Shah, Sandesh Sivakumaran|
|Place of Publication||Oxford|
|Publisher||Oxford University Press|
|Number of pages||24|
|Publication status||Published - Jan 2018|
- Human Rights, Europe, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention on Human Rights, Human right in the EU