The European Union is facing multiple challenges. Departing from mainstream theory, this paper adopts a fresh approach to understanding integration. It does so by taking two theoretical steps. One proposes that the state of integration should be understood as the outcome of contestation between competing hegemonic projects. The other introduces the structure-agency debate. EU structures, it is argued, arise from competing hegemonic projects that derive from underlying social processes and that find their primary expression in domestic politics. These two steps facilitate an analysis of the key areas of contestation in the contemporary EU and open up the development of an alternative, critical, theory of integration.
- Domestic politics
- European integration
- Eurozone crisis
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- School of Sociology, Politics and International Studies - Professor in Politics and International Relations