Evaluating the effect of change in the built environment on mental health and subjective wellbeing: a natural experiment

Bina Ram, Elizabeth S. Limb, Aparna Shankar, Claire M Nightingale, Alicja R Rudnicka, Steven Cummins, Christelle Clary, Daniel Lewis, Ashley R Cooper, Angie S Page, Anne Ellaway, Billie Giles-Corti, Peter Whincup, Derek G Cook, Christopher G Owen

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Abstract

Background: Neighbourhood characteristics may affect mental health and wellbeing, but longitudinal evidence is limited. We examined the effect of relocating to East Village (the former London 2012 Olympic Athletes’ Village), repurposed to encourage healthy active living, on mental health and wellbeing.

Methods: 1278 adults seeking different housing tenures in East village were recruited and examined during 2013-2015. 877 (69%) were followed-up after two-years; 50% had moved to East Village. Analysis examined change in objective measures of the built environment, neighbourhood perceptions (scored from low to high; quality -12 to 12, safety -10 to 10 units), self-reported mental health (depression, anxiety) and wellbeing (life satisfaction, life being worthwhile, happiness) among East Village participants compared with controls who did not move to East Village. Follow-up measures were regressed on baseline for each outcome with group status as a binary variable, adjusted for age, sex, ethnicity, housing tenure, and household clustering (random effect).

Results: Participants who moved to East Village lived closer to their nearest park (528m, 95%CI 482,575m), in more walkable areas, and had better access to public transport, compared with controls. Living in East Village was associated with marked improvements in neighbourhood perceptions (quality 5.0, 95%CI 4·5,5·4 units, safety 3·4, 95%CI 2·9,3·9 units), but there was no overall effect on mental health and wellbeing outcomes.

Conclusion: Despite large improvements in the built environment, there was no evidence that moving to East Village improved mental health and wellbeing. Changes in the built environment alone are insufficient to improve mental health and wellbeing.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Epidemiology and Community Health
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 Apr 2020

Structured keywords

  • SPS Exercise, Nutrition and Health Sciences

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    Ram, B., Limb, E. S., Shankar, A., Nightingale, C. M., Rudnicka, A. R., Cummins, S., Clary, C., Lewis, D., Cooper, A. R., Page, A. S., Ellaway, A., Giles-Corti, B., Whincup, P., Cook, D. G., & Owen, C. G. (2020). Evaluating the effect of change in the built environment on mental health and subjective wellbeing: a natural experiment. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2019-213591