“Every day I worry about something": A qualitative exploration of children’s experiences of stress and coping

Tara Cheetham-Blake, Hannah Family, Julie M Turner-Cobb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

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Abstract

Objectives:
Most research investigating children’s experiences of stress and coping has utilised a quantitative approach. This study aimed to examine children’s experiences of stress by conducting interviews with children and their parents.

Design:
Dyadic child-parent interviews, embedded within a multiphase design.

Methods:
Thirty-eight children (22 boys) aged 7-11 years and 38 parents (34 mothers) completed in-depth dyadic interviews about stressful life events, adversity, and coping, analysed using inductive thematic analysis with a phenomenological lens.

Results:
Four themes emerged: 1. Navigating the social minefield; 2. Pressure to thrive in the modern world ; 3. Fear of the unknown; and 4. Learning life’s lessons. The first suggested that social relationships are a major feature of children’s stress experiences, however social support was also found to be a beneficial coping mechanism. The second theme highlighted multiple sources of pressure on young children (including school, extra-curricular activities, pressure from self and others); the impact of such pressure was dependent upon children’s coping resources. The third theme emphasised the difficulty of coping with novel stressors, and how awareness can help reduce this fear. The final theme highlighted important lessons that children can learn from stressful experiences and how to cope with stress.

Conclusions:
This study addresses the importance of the person and context-dependent nature of stress and coping in order for children to survive and thrive following stressful experiences. These findings contribute to existing knowledge that could be used to develop a toolkit for coping with stress, designed specifically for children, parents, schools and services.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages22
JournalBritish Journal of Health Psychology
Early online date26 Aug 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26 Aug 2019

Keywords

  • qualitative
  • stress
  • resilience
  • parent
  • coping
  • child

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