Evidence for a Critical Micelle Concentration of Surfactants in Hydrocarbon Solvents

Gregory N. Smith, Paul Brown, Sarah E. Rogers, Julian Eastoe*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concentration-dependent aggregation of two surfactants, anionic sodium dioctylsulfosuccinate (Aerosol OT or AOT) and nonionic pentaethylene glycol monododecyl ether (C12E5), has been studied in cyclohexane-D-12 using small-angle neutron scattering (SANS). A clear monomer-to-aggregate transition has been observed for both surfactants, spherical inverse micelles for AOT and hank-like micelles for C12E5. This suggests that a critical micelle concentration exists for surfactants of these kinds in nonpolar solvents. The nature of the transition is different for the two surfactants. AOT aggregates are the same size and shape with decreasing concentration until a sharp critical micelle concentration, after which they cannot be detected. However, C12E5 aggregates gradually decrease in size. These differences demonstrate that the strength of the solvophobic effect can influence the formation of surfactant aggregates in nonaqueous solvents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3252-3258
Number of pages7
JournalLangmuir
Volume29
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • ANGLE NEUTRON-SCATTERING
  • MOLECULAR-DYNAMICS SIMULATIONS
  • AOT-REVERSED MICELLES
  • FLUORINATED SURFACTANTS
  • AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS
  • NONAQUEOUS MEDIA
  • APOLAR MEDIA
  • AEROSOL-OT
  • WATER
  • MICROEMULSIONS

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