Examining intrinsic versus extrinsic exercise goals: Cognitive, affective and behavioural outcomes

S.J Sebire, M Standage, M Vansteenkiste

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

    Abstract

    Grounded in self-determination theory (SDT), this study had two purposes: (a) examine the associations between intrinsic (relative to extrinsic) exercise goal content and cognitive, affective, and behavioral outcomes; and (b) test the mediating role of psychological need satisfaction in the Exercise Goal Content → Outcomes relationship. Using a sample of 410 adults, hierarchical regression analysis showed relative intrinsic goal content to positively predict physical self-worth, self-reported exercise behavior, psychological well-being, and psychological need satisfaction and negatively predict exercise anxiety. Except for exercise behavior, the predictive utility of relative intrinsic goal content on the dependent variables of interest remained significant after controlling for participants’ relative self-determined exercise motivation. Structural equation modeling analyses showed psychological need satisfaction to partially mediate the effect of relative intrinsic goal content on the outcome variables. Our findings support further investigation of exercise goals commensurate with the goal content perspective advanced in SDT.
    Translated title of the contributionExamining intrinsic versus extrinsic exercise goals: Cognitive, affective and behavioural outcomes
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)189 - 210
    Number of pages22
    JournalJournal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
    Volume31
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 2009

    Bibliographical note

    Publisher: Human Kinetics Inc

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