Examining the nature of the network formation during epoxy polymerization initiated using ionic liquids

Fiona C. Binks, Gabriel Cavalli, Michael Henningsen, Brendan J. Howlin, Ian Hamerton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
109 Downloads (Pure)


A commercial diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A monomer (BaxxoresTM ER 2200, eew 182 g/mole) is thermally polymerized in the presence of an ionic liquid, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate at a variety of loadings (5-45 wt %). The loss modulus data for cured samples containing 5 wt % initiator display at least two thermal transitions and the highest storage modulus occurs in the sample that has been cured for the shortest time at the lowest temperature. Samples that are exposed to higher temperatures (140, 150 ºC) yield more heterogenous networks, whereas following exposure to a much shorter/lower temperature cure schedule (80 ºC) exhibits a considerably higher damping ability than the other samples, coupled with a lower glass transition temperature. Differential scanning calorimetry reveals that the latter sample achieves a conversion of 95 %, while crosslink densities for the DGEBA samples containing 5 wt % and 15 wt % are respectively 9.5 x 10-3 mol. dm-3 and 1.2 x 10-3 mol. dm-3 (when cured to 80 ºC) and 2.0 x 10-2 mol.dm-3 and 2.4 x 10-3 mol.dm-3 (when cured to 140 ºC).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)318-325
Number of pages8
Early online date17 Jul 2018
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018


  • Epoxy resins
  • Ionic liquids
  • Initiators
  • Network formation
  • Physico-mechanical properties


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