Expanding Transformative Experience

Havi Carel, Ian kidd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)
115 Downloads (Pure)


We develop a broader, more fine-grained taxonomy of forms of transformative experience, inspired by the work of L.A. Paul. Our vulnerability to such experiences arises, we argue, due to the vulnerability, dependence, and affliction intrinsic to the human condition. We use this trio to distinguish a variety of positively, negatively, and ambivalently valenced forms of epistemically and/or personally transformative experiences. Moreover, we argue that many transformative experiences can arise gradually and cumulatively, unfolding over the course of longer periods of time.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-213
Number of pages15
JournalEuropean Journal of Philosophy
Issue number1
Early online date30 Oct 2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • L.A. Paul
  • Alisdair MacIntyre
  • decision theory
  • existentialism
  • transformative experience


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