Experimental three-photon quantum nonlocality under strict locality conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

43 Citations (Scopus)


Quantum correlations, often observed as violations of Bell inequalities1–5, are critical to our understanding of the quantum world, with far-reaching technological6–9 and funda- mental impact. Many tests of Bell inequalities have studied pairs of correlated particles. However, interest in multi-particle quantum correlations is driving the experimental frontier to test larger systems. All violations to date require supplemen- tary assumptions that open results to loopholes, the closing of which is one of the most important challenges in quantum science. Seminal experiments have closed some loopholes10–16, but no experiment has closed locality loopholes with three or more particles. Here, we close both the locality and freedom-of-choice loopholes by distributing three-photon Greenberger–Horne–Zeilinger entangled states17 to indepen- dent observers.We measured a violation of Mermin’s inequal- ity18 with parameter 2.77+0.08, violating its classical bound by nine standard deviations. These results are a milestone in multi-party quantum communication19 and a significant advancement of the foundations of quantum mechanics20.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)292-296
Number of pages5
JournalNature Photonics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 23 Mar 2014

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