Exploring a generalized nonlinear multi-span bridge system subject to multi-support excitation using a Bouc-Wen hysteretic model

A A Meibodi, N A Alexander

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

This paper presents a generalized reduced-order nonlinear model subjected to multi-support seismic excitation. The hysteretic, nonlinear, relationship of piers is phenomenologically captured by a calibrated Bouc-Wen model. This generalized reduced-order model is benchmarked against legacy physical experimental tests performed at the University of Bristol. A deterministic approach using real spatiotemporal ground motions recorded at the SMART-1 array, Taiwan, is employed as an alternative to a stochastic methodology used in current provision codes. This is so that the influence of nonlinearity and ground motion aleatory and epistemic effects are fully captured. Incremental Dynamic Analysis (IDA) is then performed to identify the performance levels at which this system transitions from elastic to inelastic behaviour. A parametric study is then performed to explore the effect of the spatial variability of the ground motion while bridge alignment, valley profile and ground motion intensity are modified. Results indicate that bridges over shallow valleys with a central rise are prone to significant analysis errors if multi-support excitation is not employed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106160
Number of pages15
JournalSoil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering
Volume135
Early online date5 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • multiple excitations
  • nonlinear time-history analysis
  • bridge dynamics
  • hysteretic MDOF structure
  • Bouc-Wen model
  • bridge assessment

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