Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) acts via G-protein coupled receptors on pituitary gonadotropes. These are Gq-coupled receptors that mediate acute effects of GnRH on the exocytotic secretion of luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), as well as the chronic regulation of their synthesis. FSH and LH control steroidogenesis and gametogenesis in the gonads so GnRH mediates control of reproduction by the central nervous system. GnRH is secreted in short pulses and the effects of GnRH on its target cells are dependent on the dynamics of these pulses. Here we provide a brief overview of the signaling network activated by GnRH with emphasis on the use of high content imaging for their examination. We also describe computational approaches that we have used to simulate GnRH signaling in order to explore dynamics, noise, and information transfer in this system.