Exploring Multi-Level Collective Bargaining: Transnational Legal Frameworks that Promote Worker Agency

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book


This chapter will examine the scope for transnational freedom of
association and multi-level collective bargaining. Section II begins by
considering why examination of the transnational dimension of trade
union activity is timely, highlighting how worker agency is being undermined
by precarity constituted through employment and immigration status at the
national level. Section III then turns to the scope for transnational worker solidarity, in particular through international (or global) framework agreements.
These agreements could be regarded as extra-legal, but it will be argued in
Section IV that their content, negotiation and operation remain shaped by various
international and transnational (especially European) legal regimes relating
to labour standards and human rights. The capacity of transnational law to
promote or obstruct transnational collective agency (and agency for workers at
the national level) will be evaluated.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationCollective Bargaining and Collective Action
Subtitle of host publicationLabour Agency and Governance in the 21st Century?
EditorsJulia Lopez Lopez
Place of PublicationOxford
PublisherHart Publishing
ISBN (Electronic)9781509923182
ISBN (Print)9781509923168
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Publication series

NameOnati International Series in Law and Society


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