Exploring some simple machines and their applications

Tim G Harrison, Dudley E Shallcross*, Sophie D Franklin, Robert M Ritchie, Peter Sainsbury, Paul Tyler, Michele M Grimshaw

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


Open-ended investigations, supported by class
discussion, can lead to a deep exploration of a topic.
Here we discuss this idea using a set of wooden
models or machines. Each model has the same
elements: a handle that can be turned but with a
different effect on turning for each model.Working
with Year 2 and Year 6 (ages 7 and 11) classes
illustrates the different manual and oral capabilities
between younger and older age groups.The younger
age group showed that they are still able to articulate
quite sophisticated concepts using these models.The
models can also be used in a range of activities and,
in particular, in cross-disciplinary studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-39
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Emergent Science
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019


  • Argumentation,
  • machines
  • pushes and pulls
  • open investigations


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