Extended Kalman filtering for the detection of damage in linear mechanical structures

X Liu, PJ Escamilla-Ambrosio, NAJ Lieven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper addresses the problem of assessing the location and extent of damage in a vibrating structure by means of vibration measurements. Frequency domain identification methods (e.g. finite element model updating) have been widely used in this area while time domain methods such as the extended Kalman filter (EKF) method, are more sparsely represented. The difficulty of applying EKF in mechanical system damage identification and localisation lies in: the high computational cost, the dependence of estimation results on the initial estimation error covariance matrix Pex(0), the initial value of parameters to be estimated, and on the statistics of measurement noise Rex and process noise Qex. To resolve these problems in the EKF, a multiple model adaptive estimator consisting of a bank of EKF in modal domain was designed, each filter in the bank is based on different Pex(0). The algorithm was iterated by using the weighted global iteration method. A fuzzy logic model was incorporated in each filter to estimate the variance of the measurement noise Rex. The application of the method is illustrated by simulated and real examples.
Translated title of the contributionExtended Kalman filtering for the detection of damage in linear mechanical structures
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1023 - 1046
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Sound and Vibration
Volume325
Issue number4-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2009

Bibliographical note

Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Other identifier: YJSV19706

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