Extending the battery lifetime of wearable sensors with embedded machine learning

Xenofon Fafoutis, Letizia Marchegiani, Atis Elsts, James Pope, Robert Piechocki, Ian Craddock

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference Contribution (Conference Proceeding)

54 Citations (Scopus)
541 Downloads (Pure)


Smart health home systems and assisted living architectures rely on severely energy-constrained sensing devices, such as wearable sensors, for the generation of data and their reliable wireless communication to a central location. However, the need for recharging the battery regularly constitutes a maintenance burden that hinders the long-term cost-effectiveness of these systems, especially for health-oriented applications that target people in need, such as the elderly or the chronically ill. These sensing systems generate raw data that is processed into knowledge by reasoning and machine learning algorithms. This paper investigates the benefits of embedded machine learning, i.e. executing this knowledge extraction on the wearable sensor, instead of communicating abundant raw data over the low power network. Focusing on a simple classification task and using an accelerometer-based wearable sensor, we demonstrate that embedded machine learning has the potential to reduce the radio and processor duty cycle by several orders of magnitude; and, thus, substantially extend the battery lifetime of resource-constrained wearable sensors.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2018 IEEE 4th World Forum on Internet of Things (WF-IoT 2018)
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of a meeting held 5-8 February 2018, Singapore
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)
Number of pages6
ISBN (Electronic)9781467399449
ISBN (Print)9781467399456
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018
Event4th IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2018 - Singapore, Singapore
Duration: 5 Feb 20188 Feb 2018


Conference4th IEEE World Forum on Internet of Things, WF-IoT 2018

Structured keywords

  • Digital Health


  • eHealth
  • Embedded Machine Learning
  • Internet of Things (IoT)
  • Wearable systems


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