Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy-related condition characterized by hypertension, proteinuria and endothelial dysfunction. VEGF(165)b, formed by alternative splicing of VEGF (vascular endothelial growth factor) pre-mRNA, inhibits VEGF(165)-mediated vasodilation and angiogenesis, but has not been quantified in pregnancy. ELISAs were used to measure means+/-S.E.M. plasma VEGF(165)b, sEng (soluble endoglin) and sFlt-1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1). At 12 weeks of gestation, the plasma VEGF(165)b concentration was significantly up-regulated in plasma from women who maintained normal blood pressure throughout their pregnancy (normotensive group, 4.90+/-1.6 ng/ml; P0.1 compared with pre-eclampsia) pregnancies. Patients with a lower than median plasma VEGF(165)b at 12 weeks had elevated sFlt-1 and sEng pre-delivery. Concentrations of sFlt-1 (1.20+/-0.07 and 1.27+/-0.18 ng/ml) and sEng (4.4+/-0.18 and 4.1+/-0.5 ng/ml) were similar at 12 weeks of gestation in the normotensive and pre-eclamptic groups respectively. Plasma VEGF(165)b levels were elevated in pregnancy, but this increase is delayed in women that subsequently develop pre-eclampsia. In conclusion, low VEGF(165)b may therefore be a clinically useful first trimester plasma marker for increased risk of pre-eclampsia.
|Translated title of the contribution||Failure to up-regulate VEGF165b in maternal plasma is a first trimester predictive marker for pre-eclampsia|
|Pages (from-to)||265 - 272|
|Number of pages||4|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2009|