## Abstract

We investigate the dependence of the escape rate on the position of a hole placed in uniformly hyperbolic systems admitting a finite Markov partition. We derive an exact periodic orbit formula for finite size Markov holes which differs from other periodic expansions in the literature and can account for additional distortion to maps with piecewise constant expansion rate. Using asymptotic expansions in powers of hole size we show that for systems conjugate to the binary shift, the average escape rate is always larger than the expectation based on the hole size. Moreover, we show that in the small hole limit the difference between the two decays like a known constant times the square of the hole size. Finally, we relate this problem to the random choice of hole positions and we discuss possible extensions of our results to non-Markov holes as well as applications to leaky dynamical networks. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4766723]

Original language | English |
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Article number | 043115 |

Number of pages | 10 |

Journal | Chaos |

Volume | 22 |

Issue number | 4 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - Dec 2012 |

### Bibliographical note

11 pages, 6 figures## Keywords

- INVARIANT DENSITIES
- CYCLE EXPANSIONS
- SYSTEMS
- RATES
- HOLE
- DECAY
- SETS
- nlin.CD
- math-ph
- math.DS
- math.MP