Finite modelling of tow geometry in 3D woven fabrics

Y Mahadik, SR Hallett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

81 Citations (Scopus)
375 Downloads (Pure)


A finite element model of a 3D woven angle interlock fabric undergoing compaction based on the multi-element digital chain technique has been developed. The aim was to create a kinematic model to predict the internal architectural features in a commercial off-the-shelf code. A statistical analysis of yarn crimp and resin channel size was carried out on sections from the model at increasing levels of compaction and compared to laboratory-manufactured samples with the same weave style. Results show a good correlation between overall mean crimp values in the warp, weft and weaver yarns as well as reasonable accuracy in the frequency distribution of local crimp angles. The trend in resin channel size with respect to increasing levels of compaction was also good but significant discrepancies in the absolute dimensions of a resin channel were present due to limitations in controlling the yarn bundle internal interactions in the model.
Translated title of the contributionFinite modelling of tow geometry in 3D woven fabrics
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1192 - 1200
Number of pages9
JournalComposites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing
Volume41 (9)
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010


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