Fluorescent carbon dots from mono- and polysaccharides: synthesis, properties and applications

Stephen A Hill, Carmen Galan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

66 Citations (Scopus)
399 Downloads (Pure)


Fluorescent carbon dots (FCDs) are an emerging class of nanomaterials made from carbon sources that have been hailed as potential non-toxic replacements to traditional semi-conductor QDs, particularly in the areas of live imaging and drug delivery, due to their water solubility, low toxicity and photo- and chemical stability. Carbohydrates are readily available chiral biomolecules in Nature which offer an attractive and cheap starting material from which to synthesise FCDs with distinct features and interesting applications. This minireview article will cover the progress in the development of FCDs prepared from carbohydrate sources with an emphasis on their synthesis, functionalization and technical applications, including discussions on current challenges.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)675–693
Number of pages19
JournalBeilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
Early online date10 Apr 2017
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Structured keywords

  • BCS and TECS CDTs


  • fluorescent carbon dots
  • monosaccharides
  • nanomaterials
  • nanotechnology applications
  • polysaccharides


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