Focused ion Beam Analysis of Banana Peel and its Application for Arsenate ion Removal

Jamil Memon, G. Zuhra Memon, Peter Heard, Keith Hallam, Geoffrey Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review


Banana peel, a common fruit waste, has been investigated for its ability to remove arsenate ions from ground water as a function of pH, contact time, and initial metal ion concentration. Focused ion beam (FIB) analysis revealed the internal morphology of the banana peels. Arsenate ions were entered into micropores of banana peel. pH was seen to have no effect on the sorption process. Retained species were eluted using 5 mL of 2 M H2SO4. The kinetics of sorption were observed to follow the pseudo first order rate equation. The sorption data followed Freundlich and D-R isotherms. The energy value obtained from the D-R isotherms indicated that the sorption was physical in nature for arsenate species. Our study has shown that banana peel has the ability to remove arsenate species from ground water samples.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-30
Number of pages7
JournalPakistan Journal of Analytical and Environmental Chemistry
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jun 2015


  • Banana peel
  • Arsenate ions
  • Sorption
  • Kinetics
  • Adsorption isotherms

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