Four Wave Mixing control in a photonic molecule made by silicon microring resonators

Massimo Borghi*, Alessandro Trenti, Lorenzo Pavesi

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
266 Downloads (Pure)


Four Wave Mixing (FWM) is the main nonlinear interaction in integrated silicon devices, which finds diffuse use in all-optical signal processing and wavelength conversion. Despite the numerous works on coupled resonator devices, which showed record conversion efficiencies and broadband operation, the possibility to coherently control the strength of the stimulated FWM interaction on a chip has received very limited attention. Here, we demonstrate both theoretically and experimentally, the manipulation of FWM in a photonic molecule based on two side coupled silicon microring resonators. The active tuning of the inter-resonator phase and of their eigenfrequencies allows setting the molecule in a sub-radiant state, where FWM is enhanced with respect to the isolated resonators. On the other hand, we can reconfigure the state of the photonic molecule to have energy equipartition among the resonators, and suppress FWM by making the two Signal waves to interfere destructively in the side coupled waveguides. This work constitutes an experimental demonstration of the control of a nonlinear parametric interaction via coherent oscillation phenomena in an integrated optical device.

Original languageEnglish
Article number408
Number of pages14
JournalScientific Reports
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jan 2019


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