Friction and the oscillatory motion of granular flows

L. Staron

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This contribution reports on numerical simulations of two-dimensional granular flows on erodible beds. The broad aim is to investigate whether simple flows of model granular matter exhibit spontaneous oscillatory motion in generic flow conditions, and in this case, whether the frictional properties of the contacts between grains may affect the existence or the characteristics of this oscillatory motion. The analysis of different series of simulations shows that the flow develops an oscillatory motion with a well-defined frequency which increases like the inverse of the velocity's square root. We show that the oscillation is essentially a surface phenomenon. The amplitude of the oscillation is higher for lower volume fractions and can thus be related to the flow velocity and grains' friction properties. The study of the influence of the periodic geometry of the simulation cell shows no significant effect. These results are discussed in relation to sonic sands.

Original languageEnglish
Article number041307
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages6
JournalPhysical Review E: Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2012


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