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Friends and neighbours voting revisited: The geography of support for candidates to lead the UK's Labour party

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalPolitical Geography
Early online date31 Mar 2016
DateAccepted/In press - Mar 2016
DateE-pub ahead of print - 31 Mar 2016
DatePublished (current) - Nov 2016


Most studies of the ‘friends and neighbours’ effect in voting behaviour have accounted for their observed patterns using Key's classic identification of this effect as reflecting localism and voting for the ‘home town boy’. This paper introduces other potential local influences, and hypothesizes that there should be separate local friends', neighbours', and political friends' effects. This expanded model is successfully tested using data from elections for the leadership of the UK's Labour Party in 1994 and 2010. All three effects operated, to a greater or lesser extent, in the pattern of voting for most of the candidates.

    Research areas

  • Voting, Friends and neighbours effects, Labour leaders, UK

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  • PGRevisionFeb16

    Rights statement: This is the author accepted manuscript (AAM). The final published version (version of record) is available online via Elsevier at

    Accepted author manuscript, 1.64 MB, PDF document


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