From ‘laboratory’ to ‘paradise’: 40 years of neoliberalism in Chile

Juan Pablo Rodríguez*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book


The chapter offers a brief and much-needed introduction to the politics of neoliberalism in Chile. After suggesting why the overthrow of the Popular Unity/Allende government by the military coup and subsequent Pinochet’s dictatorship provided especially propitious conditions for the aggressive imposition of neoliberalism in Chile, the chapter explores the process of neoliberalisation in Chile in relation to the return of civil government and its debilitating effects on the popular sector’s capacity for mobilisation. Rodríguez concludes analysing the main legacies of the Pinochet era, arguing that the return to a democratic regime provided a new ideological framework for legitimising and reproducing neoliberal policies.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationResisting Neoliberal Capitalism in Chile
Subtitle of host publicationThe Possibility of Social Critique1
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-32108-6
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-32107-9
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 19 Dec 2019

Publication series

NameMarx, Engels, and Marxisms
ISSN (Print)2524-7123
ISSN (Electronic)2524-7131

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  • Cite this

    Rodríguez, J. P. (2019). From ‘laboratory’ to ‘paradise’: 40 years of neoliberalism in Chile. In Resisting Neoliberal Capitalism in Chile: The Possibility of Social Critique1 (1 ed., pp. 109-117). (Marx, Engels, and Marxisms). Palgrave Macmillan.