Frustrated Lewis Pairs Beyond the Main Group: Transition Metal-Containing Systems

Duncan F. Wass*, Andy M. Chapman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The concept of the "frustrated" Lewis pair (FLP) offers a valuable paradigm for transition metal complexes. This chapter describes recent developments in FLP chemistry where one or both of the Lewis acidic or Lewis basic components are based on a transition metal. At the forefront of these developments have been zirconocene-phosphinoaryloxide complexes; the activation of small molecules, including H-2, CO2, ethers, olefins and alkyl chlorides or fluorides, with such zirconocene (or group 4 metallocene in general) phosphine pairs is described. Nascent catalytic applications for such complexes in dehydrogenation reactions and future possibilities for catalytic reactivity are also highlighted. A wider discussion of how the FLP concept may rationalise previous examples of cooperative reactivity in transition metal complexes, such as the heterolytic cleavage of hydrogen, suggests a strong and useful analogy.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFRUSTRATED LEWIS PAIRS II: EXPANDING THE SCOPE
EditorsG Erker, DW Stephan
Place of PublicationBERLIN
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages261-280
Number of pages20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Publication series

NameTopics in Current Chemistry
PublisherSPRINGER-VERLAG BERLIN
Volume334
ISSN (Print)0340-1022

Keywords

  • Cooperative effects
  • Frustrated Lewis pairs
  • Transition metals
  • Zirconocenes
  • ZIRCONOCENE-PHOSPHINOARYLOXIDE COMPLEXES
  • CHEMICAL HYDROGEN STORAGE
  • PHOSPHINE-BORANE ADDUCTS
  • H BOND ACTIVATION
  • OLEFIN POLYMERIZATION
  • AMINE-BORANE
  • STEREOSELECTIVE HYDROGENATION
  • HETEROLYTIC ACTIVATION
  • CARBONYL-COMPLEXES
  • NONCLASSICAL D(0)

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