Gab1 is modulated by chronic hypoxia in children with cyanotic congenital heart defect and its overexpression reduces apoptosis in rat neonatal cardiomyocytes

Myriam Cherif, Massimo Caputo, Yoshikazu Nakaoka, Gianni D Angelini, Mohamed Ghorbel

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Abstract

Gab1 (Grb2 associated binding protein 1) is a member of the scaffolding/docking proteins (Gab1, Gab2, and Gab3). It is required for fibroblast cell survival and maintaining cardiac function. Very little is known about human Gab1 expression in response to chronic hypoxia. The present study examined the hypothesis that hypoxia regulates Gab1 expression in human paediatric myocardium and cultured rat cardiomyocytes. Here we showed that Gab1 is expressed in myocardial tissue in acyanotic and cyanotic children with congenital heart defects. Gab1 protein was upregulated in cyanotic compared to acyanotic hearts suggesting that Gab1 upregulation is a component of the survival program initiated by hypoxia in cyanotic children. The expression of other Gab1 interacting partners was not affected by hypoxia and Gab1 regulation. Additionally, using an in vitro model, we demonstrated that overexpressing Gab1 in neonatal cardiomyocytes, under hypoxic condition, resulted in the reduction of apoptosis suggesting a role for this protein in cardiomyocyte survival. Altogether, our data provide strong evidence that Gab1 is important for heart cell survival following hypoxic stress.
Original languageEnglish
Article number718492
Number of pages9
JournalBioMed Research International
Volume2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 May 2015

Structured keywords

  • Centre for Surgical Research

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