Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): The sSFR-M* relation part 1 - σsSFR-M* as a function of sample, SFR indicator and environment

L.J.M. Davies, C. del P. Lagos, A. Katsianis, A.S.G. Robotham, L. Cortese, S.P. Driver, Malcolm Bremer, M.J.I. Brown, S. Brough, M.E. Cluver, M.W. Grootes, B.W. Holwerda, M. Owers, Steven Phillipps

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Abstract

Recently a number of studies have proposed that the dispersion along the star formation rate - stellar mass relation (σsSFR-M*) is indicative of variations in star-formation history (SFH) driven by feedback processes. They found a `U'-shaped dispersion and attribute the increased scatter at low and high stellar masses to stellar and active galactic nuclei feed-back respectively. However, measuring σsSFR and the shape of the σsSFR-M* relation is problematic and can vary dramatically depending on the sample selected, chosen separation of passive/star-forming systems, and method of deriving star-formation rates (i.e. Hα emission vs spectral energy distribution fitting). As such, any astrophysical conclusions drawn from measurements of σsSFR must consider these dependencies. Here we use the Galaxy And Mass Assembly survey to explore how σsSFR varies with SFR indicator for a variety of selections for disc-like `main sequence' star-forming galaxies including colour, star-formation rate, visual morphology, bulge-to-total mass ratio, Sérsic index and mixture modelling. We find that irrespective of sample selection and/or SFR indicator, the dispersion along the sSFR-M* relation does follow a `U'-shaped distribution. This suggests that the shape is physical and not an artefact of sample selection or method. We then compare the σsSFR-M* relation to state-of-the-art hydrodynamical and semi-analytic models and find good agreement with our observed results. Finally, we find that for group satellites this `U'-shaped distribution is not observed due to additional high scatter populations at intermediate stellar masses.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbersty2957
Pages (from-to)1881-1900
Number of pages20
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume483
Issue number2
Early online date3 Nov 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2019

Keywords

  • galaxies: evolution
  • galaxies: general
  • galaxies: groups: general
  • galaxies: star formation

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