Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): ugrizYJHK Sérsic luminosity functions and the cosmic spectral energy distribution by Hubble type

Lee S. Kelvin, Simon P. Driver, Aaron S. G. Robotham, Alister W. Graham, Steven Phillipps, Nicola K. Agius, Mehmet Alpaslan, Ivan Baldry, Steven P. Bamford, Joss Bland-Hawthorn, Sarah Brough, Michael J. I. Brown, Matthew Colless, Christopher J. Conselice, Andrew M. Hopkins, Jochen Liske, Jon Loveday, Peder Norberg, Kevin A. Pimbblet, Cristina C. PopescuMatthew Prescott, Edward N. Taylor, Richard J. Tuffs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

Abstract

We report the morphological classification of 3727 galaxies from the Galaxy and Mass Assembly survey with M_r < -17.4 mag and in the redshift range 0.025 < z < 0.06 (2.1 x 10^5 Mpc^3 ) into E, S0-Sa, SB0-SBa, Sab-Scd, SBab-SBcd, Sd-Irr and little blue spheroid classes. Approximately 70% of galaxies in our sample are disk dominated systems, with the remaining ~30% spheroid dominated. We establish the robustness of our classifications, and use them to derive morphological-type luminosity functions and luminosity densities in the ugrizYJHK passbands, improving on prior studies that split by global colour or light profile shape alone. We find that the total galaxy luminosity function is best described by a double-Schechter function while the constituent morphological-type luminosity functions are well described by a single-Schechter function. These data are also used to derive the star-formation rate densities for each Hubble class, and the attenuated and unattenuated (corrected for dust) cosmic spectral energy distributions, i.e., the instantaneous energy production budget. While the observed optical/near-IR energy budget is dominated 58:42 by galaxies with a significant spheroidal component, the actual energy production rate is reversed, i.e., the combined disk dominated populations generate ~1.3x as much energy as the spheroid dominated populations. On the grandest scale, this implies that chemical evolution in the local Universe is currently confined to mid-type spiral classes like our Milky Way.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Publication statusSubmitted - 8 Jan 2014

Keywords

  • astro-ph.CO
  • astro-ph.GA

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    Kelvin, L. S., Driver, S. P., Robotham, A. S. G., Graham, A. W., Phillipps, S., Agius, N. K., Alpaslan, M., Baldry, I., Bamford, S. P., Bland-Hawthorn, J., Brough, S., Brown, M. J. I., Colless, M., Conselice, C. J., Hopkins, A. M., Liske, J., Loveday, J., Norberg, P., Pimbblet, K. A., ... Tuffs, R. J. (2014). Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA): ugrizYJHK Sérsic luminosity functions and the cosmic spectral energy distribution by Hubble type. Manuscript submitted for publication.