Gender Differences in the Social Motivation and Friendship Experiences of Autistic and Non-autistic Adolescents

Felicity Sedgewick, Vivian Hill, Rhiannon Yates, Leanne Pickering, Elizabeth Pellicano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

278 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

This mixed-methods study examined gender differences in the social motivation and friendship experiences of adolescent boys and girls with autism relative to those without autism, all educated within special education settings. Autistic girls showed similar social motivation and friendship quality to non-autistic girls, while autistic boys reported having both qualitatively different friendships and less motivation for social contact relative to boys without autism and to girls with and without autism. Semi-structured interviews with the adolescents corroborated these findings, with one exception: autistic girls reported high levels of relational aggression within their friendships, suggesting that girls on the autism spectrum in particular may struggle with identifying and dealing with conflict in their social lives
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1297-1306
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Volume46
Issue number4
Early online date23 Dec 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • Autism
  • Gender
  • Girls
  • Friendship
  • Peer relationships
  • Social motivation

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gender Differences in the Social Motivation and Friendship Experiences of Autistic and Non-autistic Adolescents'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this