Genetic origin of the relationship between parental negativity and behavior problems from early childhood to adolescence: a longitudinal genetically sensitive study

Silvia Alemany, Frühling V Rijsdijk, Claire Margaret Alison Haworth, Lourdes Fañanás, Robert Plomin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Little is known about how genetic and environmental factors contribute to the association between parental negativity and behavior problems from early childhood to adolescence. The current study fitted a cross-lagged model in a sample consisting of 4,075 twin pairs to explore (a) the role of genetic and environmental factors in the relationship between parental negativity and behavior problems from age 4 to age 12, (b) whether parent-driven and child-driven processes independently explain the association, and (c) whether there are sex differences in this relationship. Both phenotypes showed substantial genetic influence at both ages. The concurrent overlap between them was mainly accounted for by genetic factors. Causal pathways representing stability of the phenotypes and parent-driven and child-driven effects significantly and independently account for the association. Significant but slight differences were found between males and females for parent-driven effects. These results were highly similar when general cognitive ability was added as a covariate. In summary, the longitudinal association between parental negativity and behavior problems seems to be bidirectional and mainly accounted for by genetic factors. Furthermore, child-driven effects were mainly genetically mediated, and parent-driven effects were a function of both genetic and shared-environmental factors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-500
Number of pages14
JournalDevelopment and Psychopathology
Volume25
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Child
  • Child Behavior Disorders
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Male
  • Parent-Child Relations
  • Parenting
  • Parents
  • Phenotype
  • Social Environment
  • Twins

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