Geochemical Weathering in Glacial and Proglacial Environments

M. Tranter*, J. L. Wadham

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter in a book

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Chemical weathering in glacial environments is a hot topic because physical and microbially mediated processes help produce bioavailable nutrients, including P and Fe, that can be readily used by organisms in downstream environments. Additionally, glacial processes provide rock-derived energy sources and nutrients to subglacial aquatic environments that are colonized by microbes. Eh-pH changes across the spectrum of subglacial aquatic environments means that there is a diverse spectrum of aerobic and anaerobic habitats for microbes to colonize, and hence a diverse spectrum of microbes are found, and are likely to be found in future, beneath glaciers and ice sheets. Sulfide oxidation is a key reaction under smaller glaciers, and it is likely that sulfate reduction and methanogenesis are important reactions in soil, marine and lacustrine sediments overridden by ice sheets. This chapter summarizes the current literature on these topical issues.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTreatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition
PublisherJAI-Elsevier Science Inc
Pages157-173
Number of pages17
Volume7
ISBN (Print)9780080983004
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2013

Keywords

  • Chemical weathering
  • Glaciers
  • Ice sheets
  • Low temperature aqueous geochemistry
  • Microbial mediation

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    Tranter, M., & Wadham, J. L. (2013). Geochemical Weathering in Glacial and Proglacial Environments. In Treatise on Geochemistry: Second Edition (Vol. 7, pp. 157-173). JAI-Elsevier Science Inc. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-095975-7.00505-2