Geographical statistics and the grid: grid-enabled modelling of local and global geographies

R J Harris, Chris Brunsdon, Chris Grose

Research output: Contribution to conferenceConference Abstract

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Abstract

Standard indexes of poverty and deprivation are rarely sensitive to how the causes and consequences of deprivation have different impacts depending upon where a person lives. More geographically minded approaches are alert to spatial variations but are also difficult to compute using desktop PCs. This conference paper reports on a project to develop a method of spatial analysis known as ‘geographically weighted regression’ (GWR) to run in the high power computing environment offered by ‘Grid computation’ and e-social science. GWR, like many other methods of spatial analysis, is characterised by multiple repeat testing as the data are divided into geographical regions and also randomly redistributed many times to simulate the likelihood that the results obtained from the analysis are actually due to chance. Each of these tests requires computer time so, given a large dataset such as the UK Census statistics, running the analysis on a standard machine can take a long time! Fortunately, the computational grid is not standard but offers possibility to speed-up the process by running GWR’s sequences of calibration, analysis and non parametric simulation in parallel.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusUnpublished - 20 Feb 2008

Bibliographical note

Additional information: Conference presentation

Sponsorship: ESRC, RES-149-25-1041

Contributor (Other): Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis (CASA) in association with the National Centre for e-Social Sciences (NCeSS)
Name of Conference: Digital geography in a Web 2.0 world
Venue of Conference: The Barbican, London

Keywords

  • National Grid Service
  • local regression modelling
  • geographically weighted regression
  • grid computation

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