Geometrical Perturbation Techniques and Approximate Analysis for Eigenmode Splitting and Shifting in Electromagnetic Planar Dual-Mode Resonators

Adham Naji*, Paul A. Warr

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

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Abstract

Dual-mode electromagnetic resonators are used in numerous systems and applications in physics and engineering. They rely on degenerate-mode splitting to control the spectral properties of the system that employs them. Controlling (splitting or shifting) these eigenvalues to fully tune the frequency response, however, is a nontrivial problem that involves the use of geometrical perturbation theory as well as lossy electronic elements that enable the tuning process. In this paper we present novel geometrical techniques to control the eigenmodes of dual-mode resonators, highlighting the strong connection between the chosen geometry and performance (measured by the unloaded quality factor, Q 0 ). Key advantages of the presented structures include electronic geometric tunability for frequency splitting and shifting, as well as the use of buried feeds to improve insertion loss and return loss performance. Field analysis is used to show how the performance is degraded by geometry itself, rather than by the tuning elements. The discussion includes derivation of approximate analytical models that highlight the sources of performance degradation in the geometry even before any tuning elements are inserted. The presented concepts are verified by measurements on perturbed microwave resonators.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2417
Number of pages14
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Feb 2019

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