Getting out and about in older adults: the nature of daily trips and their association with objectively assessed physical activity

MG Davis, KR Fox, M Hillsdon, JC Coulson, D Sharp, AS Stathi, JL Thompson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

95 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background A key public health objective is increasing health-enhancing physical activity (PA) for older adults (OAs). Daily trip frequency is independently associated with objectively assessed PA volumes (OAs). Little is known about correlates and these trips' transport mode, and how these elements relate to PA. Purpose: to describe the frequency, purpose, and travel mode of daily trips in OAs, and their association with participant characteristics and objectively-assessed PA. Methods Participants (n=214, aged 78.1 SD 5.7 years), completed a seven-day trips log recording daily-trip frequency, purpose and transport mode. Concurrently participants wore an accelerometer which provided mean daily steps (stepsd-1), and minutes of moderate to vigorous PA (MVPAd-1). Participants' physical function (PF) was estimated and demographic, height and weight data obtained. Results Trip frequency was associated with gender, age, physical function, walking-aid use, educational attainment, number of amenities within walking distance and cars in the household. Participants reported 9.6 (SD 4.2) trips per week (tripswk-1). Most trips (61%) were by car (driver 44%, passenger 17%), 30% walking or cycling (active) and 9% public transport/other. Driving tripswk-1 were more common in participants who were males (5.3 SD 3.6), well-educated (5.0 SD 4.3), high functioning (5.1 SD 4.6), younger (5.6 SD 4.9), affluent area residents (5.1 SD 4.2) and accessing > one car (7.2 SD 4.7). Active tripswk-1 were more frequent in participants who were males (3.4 SD 3.6), normal weight (3.2 SD 3.4), not requiring walking aids (3.5 SD 3.3), well-educated (3.7 SD 0.7), from less deprived neighbourhoods (3.9 SD 3.9) and with [greater than or equal to] 8 amenities nearby (4.4 SD 3.8). Public transport, and active trip frequency, were significantly associated with stepsd-1 (p
Translated title of the contributionGetting out and about in older adults: the nature of daily trips and their association with objectively assessed physical activity
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2011

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