Glass formation and unusual hygroscopic growth of iodic acid solution droplets with relevance for iodine mediated particle formation in the marine boundary layer

B. J. Murray*, A. E. Haddrell, S. Peppe, J. F. Davies, J. P. Reid, D. O'Sullivan, H. C. Price, R. Kumar, R. W. Saunders, J. M. C. Plane, N. S. Umo, T. W. Wilson

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Iodine oxide particles are known to nucleate in the marine boundary layer where gas phase molecular iodine and organoiodine species are produced by macroalgae. These ultra-fine particles may then grow through the condensation of other materials to sizes where they may serve as cloud condensation nuclei. There has been some debate over the chemical identity of the initially nucleated particles. In laboratory simulations, hygroscopic measurements have been used to infer that they are composed of insoluble I2O4, while elemental analysis of laboratory generated particles suggests soluble I2O5 or its hydrated form iodic acid, HIO3 (I2O5 center dot H2O). In this paper we explore the response of supermicron sized aqueous iodic acid solution droplets to varying humidity using both Raman microscopy and single particle electrodynamic traps. These measurements reveal that the propensity of an iodic acid solution droplet to crystallise is negligible on drying to similar to 0% relative humidity (RH). On applying mechanical pressure to these droplets they shatter in a manner consistent with an ultra-viscous liquid or a brittle glass. Water retention in amorphous material at low RH is important for understanding the hygroscopic growth of aerosol particles and uptake of other condensable material. Subsequent water uptake between 10 and 20% RH causes their viscosity to reduce sufficiently that the cracked droplets flow and merge. The persistence of iodic acid solution in an amorphous state, rather than a crystalline state, suggests they will more readily accommodate other condensable material and are therefore more likely to grow to sizes where they may serve as cloud condensation nuclei. On increasing the humidity to similar to 90% the mass of the droplets only increases by similar to 20% with a corresponding increase in radius of only 6 %, which is remarkably small for a highly soluble material. We suggest that the small growth factor of aqueous iodic acid solution droplets is consistent with the small aerosol growth factors observed in previous experiments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8575-8587
Number of pages13
JournalAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics
Volume12
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Sep 2012

Keywords

  • ORGANIC AEROSOL-PARTICLES
  • LOW RELATIVE-HUMIDITY
  • ELECTRODYNAMIC BALANCE
  • PHASE-TRANSITIONS
  • WATER DROPLETS
  • ATMOSPHERIC AEROSOL
  • NUCLEATION BURSTS
  • MOLECULAR-IODINE
  • VAPOR-PRESSURES
  • ICE NUCLEATION

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