Global database on large magnitude explosive volcanic eruptions (LaMEVE)

H S Crosweller, Baneet Arora, Sarah K Brown, Elizabeth Cottrell, Natalia I Deligne, Natalie Ortiz, Laura K Hobbs, Koji Kiyosugi, Susan C Loughlin, Jonathan Lowndes, Martin Nayembil, Lee Siebert, R S J Sparks, Shinji Takarada, Edward Venzke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

107 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

To facilitate the assessment of hazards and risk from volcanoes, we have created a comprehensive global database of Quaternary Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE). This forms part of the larger Volcanic Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA), and also forms part of the Global Volcano Model (GVM) initiative (http://www.globalvolcanomodel.org). A flexible search tool allows users to select data on a global, regional or local scale; the selected data can be downloaded into a spreadsheet. The database is publically available online at http://www.bgs.ac.uk/vogripa and currently contains information on nearly 3,000 volcanoes and over 1,800 Quaternary eruption records. Not all volcanoes currently have eruptions associated with them but have been included to allow for easy expansion of the database as more data are found. Data fields include: magnitude, Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI), deposit volumes, eruption dates, and rock type. The scientific community is invited to contribute new data and also alert the database manager to potentially incorrect data. Whilst the database currently focuses only on large magnitude eruptions, it will be expanded to include data specifically relating to the principal volcanic hazards (e.g. pyroclastic flows, tephra fall, lahars, debris avalanches, ballistics), as well as vulnerability (e.g. population figures, building type) to facilitate risk assessments of future eruptions.
Original languageEnglish
Article number4
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Applied Volcanology
Volume1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2012

Keywords

  • Volcanic hazard
  • Explosive eruptions
  • Database
  • Global volcanism
  • Risk

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