Ground vibration tests of a helicopter structure using OMA techniques

N. Ameri, C. Grappasonni, G. Coppotelli*, D. J. Ewins

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


This paper is focused on an assessment of the state-of-the-art of operational modal analysis (OMA) methodologies in estimating modal parameters from output responses on helicopter structures. For this purpose, a ground vibration test was performed on a real helicopter airframe. In the following stages, several OMA techniques were applied to the measured data and compared with the results from typical input-output approach. The results presented are part of a more general research activity carried out in the Group of Aeronautical Research and Technology in Europe (GARTEUR) Action Group 19, helicopter technical activity, whose overall objective is the improvement of the structural dynamic finite element models using in-flight test data. The structure considered is a medium-size helicopter, a time-expired Lynx Mk7 (XZ649) airframe. In order to have a comprehensive analysis, the behaviour of both frequency- and time-domain-based OMA techniques are considered for the modal parameter estimates. An accuracy index and the reliability of the OMA methods with respect to the standard EMA procedures, together with the evaluation of the influence of the experimental setup on the estimate of the modal parameters, will be presented in the paper. (c) 2012 Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-51
Number of pages17
JournalMechanical Systems and Signal Processing
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2013


  • Operational modal analysis
  • Experimental modal analysis
  • Helicopter structures


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