Graphene and h-BN are grown by chemical vapor deposition in ultra high vacuum conditions on the Pt(110) surface. Scanning tunneling microscopy measurements and low-energy electron diffraction data indicate that graphene forms a variety of differently oriented incommensurate domains although with a strong preference to align its direction with the direction of Pt. Meanwhile, h-BN exhibits a c(8 × 10) commensurate superstructure, which presents a high level of defectivity that implies local variation of the periodicity (i.e. mixed c(8 × 10) and c(8 × 12) patches) and the introduction of local defects. The combination of advanced photoemission spectroscopy data (angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy from the valence band) and ab initio calculations indicates that both 2D materials interact weakly with the substrate: graphene exhibits neutral doping and is morphologically flat, even if it nucleates on the relatively highly corrugated rectangular (110) surface. In the case of h-BN, the interaction is slightly stronger and is characterized by a small electron transfer from surface Pt atoms to nitrogen atoms. The (110) termination of Pt is therefore a quite interesting surface for the growth of 2D materials because given its low symmetry, it may favor the growth of selectively oriented domains but does not affect their pristine electronic properties.