Growth hormone increases IGF-I, collagen I and collagen III gene expression in dwarf rat skeletal muscle

V J Wilson, M Rattray, C R Thomas, B H Moreland, D Schulster

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


The effect of short-term treatment with biosynthetic growth hormone (GH) of male dwarf rats was studied in EDL and soleus muscles. In situ hybridisation revealed that in the untreated dwarf rat collagen I, collagen III and insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) mRNA is mainly expressed by fibroblasts between the muscle fibre areas. Quantitative image analysis showed that, 8 h after a single GH injection, the level of mRNA for all three genes increased compared to the untreated dwarf animal. IGF-I mRNA levels were similar in normals and untreated dwarf rats but significantly increased 8 h after a single GH injection in EDL (P < 0.01) and soleus (P < 0.001). In untreated dwarf rats, collagen I and III gene expression was significantly less than in normal animals (P < 0.001). Collagen III gene expression also increased significantly 8 h after a single GH injection, in both muscles (P < 0.01). Collagen I gene expression showed significant increases 8 and 24 h after GH treatment in EDL (P < 0.01), although the increases seen in soleus did not reach significance. The effects of multiple GH injections (one, two or four) did not appear to be additive. The results of the time course studies are consistent with an intermediary role for IGF-I in the production of collagen in muscle.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-97
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 29 Dec 1995


  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Collagen
  • Gene Expression
  • Growth Hormone
  • Humans
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
  • Male
  • Muscle, Skeletal
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rats
  • Journal Article
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't


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