Haematology and biochemistry in alpacas and llamas

Aiden Foster*, Cornelia Bidewell, James Barnett, Robin Sayers

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article (Academic Journal)peer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

SOUTH American camelids - especially alpacas - are growing in numbers and popularity in the UK as sources of fibre. They are also kept for breeding and as pets. Previous studies of clinical biochemistry and haematology values have been reported from Australia, Germany, North America and Switzerland. The population sizes of some of these studies have been small, and the analytes determined have varied; in addition, there is an assumption that mean and reference interval values for llamas are equally valid for alpacas. However, differing management systems internationally may not allow easy comparison between these studies and clinical pathology values for camelids in the UK. This article provides haematological and biochemical parameters for alpacas and llamas using reference intervals derived from published literature and data drawn from animals of known health status sampled in the UK. It also highlights which parameters may be useful for assessing camelid health and disease status. However, the relationship between biochemical analytes, especially trace elements, and reproductive performance and various disease processes, including those affecting the central nervous system and the skin, have yet to be determined and require further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)276-281
Number of pages6
JournalIn Practice
Volume31
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • HEPATIC LIPIDOSIS
  • GLUCOSE-TOLERANCE
  • REFERENCE RANGES
  • LAMA-GLAMA
  • DEFICIENCY
  • NUTRITION
  • CAMELIDS
  • VALUES

Cite this