Haemodialysis and haemodiafiltration lead to similar changes in vascular stiffness during treatment

Albert Power, Evangelia Charitaki, Andrew Davenport*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Haemodiafiltration (HDF) has been reported to cause less hypotension than haemodialysis (HD). We hypothesized that HDF causes less change in vascular tone, thereby reducing hypotension. Methods: Aortic pulse wave velocity (PWVao) was measured in 284 patients, during a single dialysis session using cooled dialysate (117 HD, 177 HDF). Patient groups were matched for age, sex and cardiovascular comorbidity. Results: Systolic blood pressure (SBP) declined from 144 ± 26 to 133 ± 26 after 20 minutes, and to 131 ± 26 mmHg post HD, and for HDF from 152 ± 26 to 143 ± 27 after 20 minutes, then to 138 ± 27 mmHg post HDF. Net Ultrafiltration rates to achieve weight loss were similar; HD 0.13 ± 0.06 vs HDF 0.12 ± 0.05 mL/kg/min. PWVao did not change after 20 minutes HD 0.42(-0.7 to 1.3), HDF 0.5 (-0.6 to 1.8) or at the end of the session: HD -0.39 (1.5 to 1.2), HDF -0.41(-2.0 to 1.3) m/s. Aortic augmentation index (AiAxo), assessment of vascular tone fell significantly with both HD; 20 minutes by 6.2 (-2.5 to 14), end 5.6 (-6.7 to 13.9), and HDF 20 min by 4.2 (-2.5 to 10), end 7.8 (-0.8 to 19.3), with no difference between HD and HDF. The ultrafiltration rate correlated with % change in aortic SBP (r = 0.28 p = 0.004), but not with changes in PWVao or augmentation indices. Conclusions: Blood pressure declined during both HD and HDF treatments, as did augmentation indices, unrelated to weight loss, suggesting a reduction in vascular stiffness occurs independently of treatment modality. We did not observe an advantage for HDF.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)228-234
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of Artificial Organs
Volume39
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2016

Keywords

  • Hemodiafiltration
  • Hemodialysis
  • Pulse wave velocity

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