Projects per year
Results: Simulations with individual-level genotypes show that the results of HAPRAP and multiple regression are highly consistent. In simulation with summary-level data, we demonstrate that HAPRAP is less sensitive to poor LD estimates. In a parametric simulation using Genetic Investigation of ANthropometric Traits (GIANT) height data, HAPRAP performs well with a small training sample size (N<2000) while other methods become suboptimal. Moreover, HAPRAP’s performance is not affected substantially by SNPs with low minor allele frequencies. We applied the method to existing quantitative trait and binary outcome meta-analyses (human height, QTc interval and gallbladder disease); all previous reported association signals were replicated and two additional variants were independently associated with human height. Due to the growing availability of summary level data, the value of HAPRAP is likely to increase markedly for future analyses (e.g. functional prediction and identification of instruments for Mendelian randomization).
Availability: The HAPRAP package and documentation are available online: http://apps.biocompute.org.uk/haprap/