Health professionals’ and service users’ perspectives of shared care for monitoring wet age-related macular degeneration: a qualitative study alongside the ECHoES trial

Daisy Townsend, Barnaby Reeves, Jodi Taylor, Usha Chakravarthy, Dermot O'Reilly, Ruth Hogg, Nicola Mills

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)
286 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Objectives: To explore the views of eye health professionals and service users on shared community and hospital care for wet or neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD).

Method: Using maximum variation sampling, five focus groups and 10 interviews were conducted with 23 service users and 24 eye health professionals from across the UK (consisting of eight optometrists, six ophthalmologists, six commissioners, two public health representatives and two clinical eye care advisors to local Clinical Commissioning Groups). Data were transcribed verbatim and analysed thematically using constant comparative techniques derived from grounded theory methodology.

Results: The needs and preferences of those with nAMD appear to be at odds with the current service being provided. There was enthusiasm from health professionals and service users about the possibility of shared care for nAMD, as it was felt to have the potential to relieve hospital eye service burden and represent a more patient-centred option, but there were a number of perceived barriers to implementation. Some service users and ophthalmologists voiced concerns about optometrist competency and the potential for delays with referrals to secondary care if stable nAMD became active again. The health professionals were divided as to whether shared care was financially more efficient than the current model of care. Specialist training for optometrists, under the supervision of ophthalmologists, was deemed to be the most effective method of training and was perceived to have the potential to improve the communication and trust that shared care would require.

Conclusion: Whilst shared care is perceived to represent a promising model of nAMD care, voiced concerns suggest there would need to be greater collaboration between ophthalmology and optometry, in terms of inter-professional trust and communication.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere007400
Number of pages12
JournalBMJ Open
Volume5
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015

Structured keywords

  • BTC (Bristol Trials Centre)
  • Centre for Surgical Research

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