Evidence points towards a pivotal role for cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 in promoting colorectal tumorigenesis through increasing prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) levels. PGE(2) signalling is closely associated with the survival, proliferation and invasion of colorectal cancer cells. Recently, a reduction in PGE(2) inactivation, a process mediated by the nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+)-dependent 15-hydroxyprostaglandin dehydrogenase (15-PGDH), has also been shown to promote tumoral PGE(2) accumulation. The hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) receptor, Met, is frequently over-expressed in colorectal tumours and promotes cancer growth, metastasis and resistance to therapy, although the mechanisms for this have not been fully elucidated. Here, we report that HGF/Met signalling can promote PGE(2) biogenesis in colorectal cancer cells via COX-2 up-regulation and 15-PGDH down-regulation at the protein and messenger RNA level. Pharmacological inhibition of MEK and PI3K suggested that both extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and AKT signalling are required for COX-2 protein up-regulation and 15-PGDH down-regulation downstream of Met. Notably, inhibition of Met with the small molecule inhibitor SU11274 reduced COX-2 expression and increased 15-PGDH expression in high Met-expressing cells. We also show that hypoxia potentiated HGF-driven COX-2 expression and enhanced PGE(2) release. Furthermore, inhibition of COX-2 impeded the growth-promoting effects of HGF, suggesting that the COX-2/PGE(2) pathway is an important mediator of HGF/Met signalling. These data reveal a critical role for HGF/Met signalling in promoting PGE(2) biogenesis in colorectal cancer cells. Targeting the crosstalk between these two important pathways may be useful for therapeutic treatment of colorectal cancer.
|Translated title of the contribution||HGF/Met signalling promotes PGE2 biogenesis via regulation of COX-2 and 15-PGDH expression in colorectal cancer cells|
|Pages (from-to)||1796 - 1804|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 2009|