Hidden dynamics in models of discontinuity and switching

Mike R. Jeffrey*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle (Academic Journal)

30 Citations (Scopus)
326 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Sharp switches in behaviodr, like impacts, stick slip motion, or electrical relays, can be modelled by differential equations with discontinuities. A discontinuity approximates fine details of a switching process that lie beyond a bulk empirical model. The theory of piecewise-smooth dynamics describes what happens assuming we can solve the system of equations across its discontinuity. What this typically neglects is that effects which are vanishingly small outside the discontinuity can have an arbitrarily large effect at the discontinuity itself. Here we show that such behaviour can be incorporated within the standard theory through nonlinear terms, and these introduce multiple sliding modes. We show that the nonlinear terms persist in more precise models, for example when the discontinuity is smoothed out. The nonlinear sliding can be eliminated, however, if the model contains an irremovable level of unknown error, which provides a criterion for systems to obey the standard Filippov laws for sliding dynamics at a discontinuity. (C) 2014 The Author. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34-45
Number of pages12
JournalPhysica D: Nonlinear Phenomena
Volume273-274
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Filippov
  • Sliding
  • Nonsmooth
  • Discontinuous
  • Switching
  • Error
  • SINGULAR PERTURBATION-THEORY
  • DRY FRICTION
  • NONSMOOTH SYSTEMS
  • VECTOR-FIELDS
  • BIFURCATIONS
  • REGULARIZATION
  • OSCILLATORS
  • FOUNDATIONS

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